Absolute constipation (organic constipation) occurs as a result of intestinal obstruction, which is caused by some diseases (ileus, colon cancer, congenital megacolon, i.e. Hirschsprung’s disease, etc.) is very important as a diagnostic symptom. Constipation is seen in many people as a result of impaired bowel function. The reason for this is often a bad habit and inability to push. In other words, the passage of nutrients through the intestines is normal. Food residues reach the last part of the intestine, i.e. the rectum, after an average of 18 hours in the form of stools. However, since the defecation reflex wakes up late, anyone who neglects to go to the toilet for various reasons cannot empty his rectum.

Beware of Prolonged Constipation
Prolonged constipation causes headaches, digestive disorders, weakening and discoloration due to the action of toxic substances in the stool. Stool that stays in the rectum for a long time becomes hard, taking the form of a stone called a fecaloma, which can cause blockage in the intestine. Improper nutrition,that is, when things that leave little pulp, such as meat, rice, flour foods, are eaten for a long time, constipation also occurs. A diet with plenty of green vegetables, fruits, juicy and cellulose, that is, whole wheat, prevents constipation. Medications that some people use (morphine, codeine, anticholinergics) can also cause constipation.

Since the medications taken by people with ulcers can also lead to constipation, stool softening medications called laxatives should also be taken with them. There is no harm in using any laxative Decently from time to time, it should not be made into aneak habit. Constipation (spastic constipation) may occur in irritable people as a result of a disorder of the neurovegetative system, as well as diarrhea. During the course of some febrile diseases (typhoid, meningitis, encephalitis, etc.) there is also constipation in acute appendicitis and peritonitis in cases where bile cannot flow to the intestine (in gallbladder and liver diseases).

Since constipation after surgery is due to both the effect of anesthetic substances and potassium loss, this type of constipation can be corrected by giving potassium and prevented by not making too many analgesics. In the treatment of constipation, one should first remember that defecation is a reflex and a matter of habit. Then, it should be tried to convert the diet into an appropriate form. Usually, you should eat excess water and foods that will leave pulp in the intestine, and if necessary, take laxative medications called laxatives.

Types of Constipation
Constipation occurs when the passage of stool through the intestine slows down. It can be divided into three basic types.

Constipation due to a central nervous system disorder : Absence or irregularity of defecation stimulation caused by a disease related to the nervous system or medications.

Constipation due to impaired defecation reflex : decrease in the amount of stool due to intestinal lesions such as hemorrhoids, abscesses, narrowing (stenosis), improper use of intestinal softeners, inflammation of intra-abdominal organs, general loss of water from the body.

Mechanical constipation : One of the common causes may be fluid loss again. In this case, the water contained in the stool, and therefore its volume, decreases. Other causes include Dec November weakening of the intestinal muscles and/or voluntary abdominal muscles. Nov.19, 2011. In the same time, the megacolon, that is, the dysfunction of a part of the intestine by clearing it of nerves and, accordingly, its excessive expansion, also leads to mechanical constipation.

According to the physiopathological classification, chronic constipation is divided into three according to the slowing down of the transition from colon in various forms: Flat bowel constipation, thick bowel constipation and flat bowel constipation.

Flatfoot constipation is caused by a decreased response to stretching in the flatfoot. As a result, the mechanism of flat-anus reflex defecation is disrupted. If the functioning of the anus strainer muscle is normal, there is only flat-Novum constipation.

In colon constipation, which has a spasmodic feature, contractions in one part of the intestine increase excessively. This condition is especially pronounced in the descending colon and sigmoid colon. With the increase of resistance in the intestinal wall, the passage from the intestine slows down and the intra-intestinal pressure increases.

There are some important points to be considered in determining the diagnosis of constipation in the patient and the treatment that will relieve this ailment. First of all, the factors that determine the functions of the colon are very diverse. At first, eating habits, psychological state, physical activity, medications, existing diseases and many other factors can affect the functioning of the intestines. In the meantime, it should be remembered that the time indicated by the patient regarding the onset of the disease and the time when there is really an irregularity in the amount and frequency of Decoctions may not be the same.

A detailed assessment of the functioning of the colon can be obtained by conducting radiological examinations and using radioactive isotopes. These techniques make it possible to study the partial and general transition time from kalybağırsa. In addition, by looking at the criteria obtained as a result of statistical examinations, it can be assessed whether the function of the colon is normal. The doctor can assess whether there is a problem with the functioning of the colon with an acceptable margin of error according to these criteria contained in the previously prepared tables.

Criteria for the Diagnosis of Chronic Constipation
The presence of one or more of the following conditions helps in the diagnosis of chronic constipation:

Defecation less than three times a week.
Inability to defecate for a period of three days or more.
The stool removed at one time is less than gr.