Goiter means an enlargement of the thyroid gland. With this growth, the function of the thyroid gland is negatively affected. The thyroid gland, which weighs an average of 15-20 grams and is an internal secretory gland, is located on both sides of the windpipe. The blood circulation rate of the thyroid gland is very high. The thyroid gland secretes thyroid hormones, and these secreted thyroid hormones give kava. The decrease or increase of this epidemic has a negative impact. If the thyroid gland secretes a normal amount of hormones, this is called euthyroidism. In case of excessive hormone secretion, this is called hyperthyroidism. Symptoms of hyperthyroidism include;losing weight despite excessive appetite, irritability, excessive sweating, excessive sweating in the hands, frequent urination and defecation, loss of muscle strength, infertility, menstrual irregularity, weakness, rapid fatigue, drowsiness November symptoms are present.
Varieties of goiter are also available. One of them is a type that we call diffuse (simple) hyperplasia, in which only growth is present, there are no other formations and pathologies in the thyroid gland. In the second type of goiter, which we call nodular goiter, there are masses in the thyroid gland that can be the size of lentils or chickpeas, sometimes even larger.

What are the Symptoms of Goiter?Tremors, heart palpitations, sweating, irritability, eyes overflowing from their sockets, increased appetite, but having problems gaining weight, diarrhea and menstrual irregularities are symptoms of goiter in a type of goiter in which hormones are overproduced. In cases where hormones are produced sparingly, there is a slowdown in movements, hair drying, hair loss, hands drying and menstrual irregularities again. In cases where there is no hormonal imbalance, growth and nodule formation are observed only in the thyroid gland. How is Goiter Treatment Performed?First of all, the patient is examined by a specialist physician. In addition to medication and iodine therapy, surgical intervention may also be required. Hormone drug therapy can be applied to patients with hormone deficiency. If the patient has an excess of hormones, medications are prescribed to prevent hormone structuring. If the hormone level decreases to normal, surgery or treatment with iodine is performed. If hormone imbalance is not observed, but nodules in the thyroid gland are observed, surgical intervention is usually preferred. Reasons That Require Surgical Intervention – In complaints caused by enlarged goiter or neudules compressing the food or trachea

  • An enlarged goiter causes a hormone imbalance
  • Detection or suspicion of cancer in goiter
  • An enlarged goiter in the neck causes an aesthetic problem
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    If it is too late to treat goiter, the disease moves to an advanced level and difficulties occur in its treatment. For this reason, it is important to consult a doctor immediately within the scope of symptoms.