First Step for Newborn

First we look at whether it is a girl or a boy, then its hands and feet. We count your fingers. And then? I guess its height and weight will come. Everyone asks these; Is it a girl or a boy? How much does it weigh and how tall is it? You tell everyone these things first; Is it a girl or a boy, how much does it weigh, how tall is it?

Why does everyone wonder about these first? Simple, because weight and height are the most concrete indicators of the baby’s development from the first day.

How much should my baby weigh?

Just like adults, newborns also have different weights and sizes. Most babies are born “on time” – according to you it is 9 months and 10 days, according to us doctors it is 40 weeks – their weight varies between 2500-4000 grams and their length varies between 47-52 cm. For a long time, newborns were thought to be “the bigger they are, the better”, but now we care more about the health of babies than their “size”.

There are many factors that determine the weight of a newborn baby. We can list some of them as follows.

Height and weight of the parents – usually the baby of large parents is larger than the baby of small parents.
Gender of the baby – girls are slightly smaller than boys.
A baby born on gestational age will probably weigh more than one born prematurely.
The mother’s health status during pregnancy – some diseases of the mother affect the birth weight of the baby. For example, high blood pressure causes a baby with a low birth weight, and diabetes causes a baby to be born large. Any situation that may affect the baby’s weight and health during pregnancy should be under close monitoring by the gynecologist.
Nutrition of the mother during pregnancy – proper nutrition of the mother is absolutely necessary for the healthy development of the baby. Malnutrition will negatively affect the baby’s growth.
Mother’s smoking, drinking and drug use during pregnancy.
Which baby is it? First babies sometimes weigh less than later babies.
Multiple pregnancy- twins, triplets etc. Babies will weigh less at birth because they share the same space.

In the first month, your baby will gain an average of 30-40 grams of weight per day and will grow an average of 3 cm in length. Some babies experience a growth spurt between 10-15 days and 3-6 weeks of age.

Should I be worried?

If your baby’s weight is lower or higher than average, it will be monitored more closely for a while after birth. This follow-up is absolutely necessary to solve possible problems in a short time and to prevent any future harm to the baby.

The most important problems of underweight babies are feeding and regulating their body temperature. Mothers of these babies should breastfeed their babies frequently, give bottles at regular intervals if deemed necessary by the pediatrician, and their body temperatures should be measured frequently.

In our society, a healthy baby is a chubby baby! However, a chubby baby may also experience problems just like a low-weight baby. The most common of these is low blood sugar. Large babies need to be fed at frequent intervals and their blood sugar should be measured at regular intervals to prevent their blood sugar from dropping.

Premature babies generally weigh less than those born on time. Their weight varies depending on how early they are born. They have little body fat and cannot warm themselves. Premature babies are kept in incubators with adjustable temperature and humidity to help them adapt to the external environment. With breast milk, some additives or formula, premature babies can be provided with adequate weight.

In conclusion

If you weigh your baby a few days after birth, you will see that he/she has lost weight, do not worry! Most babies lose an average of 5-10% of their weight after birth. This situation is completely normal. Approximately 10 days after birth, babies only reach their birth weight. You can discuss the excessive weight loss that may occur during this period with the pediatrician monitoring your baby.

One last point: Whether your baby is underweight or overweight is not directly related to his weight and height in childhood or adulthood. At this stage, a science called genetics comes into play and you see, a tiny baby will become a giant basketball player in the future!