Adenoid is a tissue that functions similar to tonsils and is located at the back of the nose. You cannot see the adenoids by looking at your child’s throat, unlike the tonsils. When the adenoid grows or becomes inflamed, it can cause some problems. If your child requires surgery due to enlarged or inflamed adenoids, learning some information will alleviate both you and your child’s concerns about the procedures at the hospital.

What is adenoid?
Adenoid is a tissue shaped like a bunch of grapes and located between the nose and throat. The adenoid catches bacteria and viruses that enter through the nose and produces antibodies, which are substances that help the body fight microbes.

If your child has persistent or frequently recurring adenoid enlargement or inflammation, your doctor may recommend surgical removal of the adenoid. Children do not get sick more often after adenoid removal; Because other tissues in the body that serve as adenoids can perform the same functions adequately.

What are the symptoms of enlarged or inflamed adenoids?
If the adenoid grows, various symptoms may occur. Your child may have one or more of the following symptoms:

Difficulty breathing through nose
Continuous mouth breathing
Nasal speech as if the nose is stuffy
sound while breathing
snoring during sleep
Holding your breath for a few seconds during sleep (sleep apnea)
If you suspect that your child’s adenoids are enlarged or inflamed, consult your doctor.

What kind of problems does genizeti cause?
Tonsils and adenoids can both cause infections and some problems depending on their size. Although adenoids are mostly a problem in childhood, tonsils can cause disease in both children and adults. Frequent infections both affect the daily life of the patient and cause frequent medication use. However, the most important consequences of infections (inflammations) are that heart valves, joints and kidneys are at risk.

Apart from infections, the size of the tonsil and adenoid also causes important consequences.

Large tonsils; It causes swallowing, feeding and speech problems. In addition, food and tissue residues accumulated on the tonsils cause bad breath and poor hygiene. Large adenoid tissue causes, first of all, nasal congestion. It causes patients to sleep with their mouth open and snore. The nose regulates the temperature and humidity of the inhaled air and traps some harmful particles. Therefore, it causes some respiratory problems in mouth-breathing patients. Adenoids also cause the following problems:

Ventilation disorder in the middle ear and resulting ear collapse, hearing loss and communication disorder. Hearing loss is sometimes at a level that parents cannot notice, but it is often the first reason for the patient to see a doctor.
Developmental disorder in jaw and facial bones
Inflammation of the throat (pharyngitis), cough and lower respiratory tract problems due to postnasal drip
‘Retarded’ appearance due to facial expression
Treatment of enlarged adenoids: When is surgery necessary?
Your doctor may first try to treat your child’s inflamed adenoids with antibiotics. If the adenoid is not inflamed, your doctor may recommend waiting for a while, because it is normal for the adenoid to grow a little in children. Over time, your child’s adenoid may shrink on its own.

Your doctor may recommend adenoid surgery if your child has one or more of the following conditions:

difficulty breathing
Sleep apnea
Frequently recurring adenoid inflammation
speech disorder
What happens during adenoidectomy?
No matter how simple it may seem, any surgery is often scary for the child and the parents. You can help your child prepare for surgery by telling him what to expect. In adenoid surgery:

Your child will be put to sleep under general anesthesia. This means that the surgery will be performed in an operating room and your child will be monitored by an anesthesiologist during the surgery.
Your child will sleep for about 20 minutes.
The surgeon will remove the adenoid from inside your child’s mouth. There is no need to make an incision in the skin for adenoid surgery.
Your child will wake up in the recovery room. If there are signs of breathing difficulty or bleeding, you may need to be taken back to the operating room. Generally, the total hospital stay is between 5-10 hours.